Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD)

Tears aren’t there just to allow you to express sadness; they also serve a greater purpose — to protect your eyes. Tears are made up of oil and materials designed to lubricate and cover your sensitive eyeballs from environmental hazards. So, when the gland that secretes the lubricating oil found in tears malfunctions, you can develop meibomian gland dysfunction. When this happens, call on the experts at Eye Physicians near me in New York City for the best new treatment for meibomian gland dysfunction. Eliminate the pain of dry eyes and save your eyesight with meibomian gland treatment.

    What Is Meibomian Gland Dysfunction?

    Meibomian gland dysfunction, also referred to as MGD, is a common eye condition that affects the quality and quantity of the oil produced by the meibomian glands. These glands are located along the edges of the eyelids and secrete oil that prevents the evaporation of tears and keep the eyes moist and comfortable.

    When the meibomian glands become blocked, inflamed or infected, they can cause dry eye symptoms, such as irritation, burning, redness, blurred vision and Headaches and sensitivity to light. MGD also increases the risk of developing evaporative dry eye, eye infections and damage to the cornea, which is the clear front surface of the eye.

    Eye Physicians is the leading medical practice for MGD treatment in Downtown Manhattan. They have a team of experienced optometrists who diagnose and provide meibomian gland treatment using the latest technology and techniques. Whether you need medication or advanced procedures such as LipiFlow, Physicians can help you find the right solution for your MGD.

    Meibomian Gland Dysfunction

    What Are the Common Risk Factors and Causes of Meibomian Gland Dysfunction?

    MGD has different risk factors. Age is one of them. As you get older, the meibomian glands tend to produce less oil and become more prone to blockage and inflammation. This can lead to reduced tear film stability and increased dry eye symptoms.

    Hormonal changes also increase vulnerability to MGD. Hormones, especially androgens, play an important role in regulating the secretion and composition of meibum. Hormonal imbalances, such as menopause, pregnancy and the use of oral contraceptives, can affect the function of the meibomian glands and create a need for meibomian gland dysfunction treatment. Other common causes of MGD include:

    • Systemic conditions. Certain systemic diseases and conditions can also affect the meibomian glands and cause MGD. These include Sjogren’s syndrome, rosacea, psoriasis, atopy, polycystic ovary syndrome, diabetes and hypertension.
    • Ocular conditions. Some ocular conditions and factors can also contribute to MGD. These include contact lens wear, glaucoma medications, eyelid inflammation or infection, corneal damage and allergic conjunctivitis.

    What Are the Common Symptoms of MGD?

    Dryness is the most common sign of MGD. Your eyes may feel dry, scratchy and uncomfortable, especially in dry or windy environments. You may also have difficulty wearing contact lenses or using digital devices for long periods of time.

    Your eyes may burn, sting or itch, as if there’s something in them. You may also experience redness, swelling or inflammation of the eyelids or the eye surface. Other symptoms include:

    • Watery eyes. Your eyes may produce excess tears to compensate for the lack of oil in the tear film. This can cause your vision to become blurry or unstable and may worsen the dryness and irritation.
    • Crusting or stickiness. You may notice a yellowish or whitish secretion near the base of your eyelashes, especially in the morning or after sleeping. This is the result of the blocked or infected meibomian glands.
    • Chalazion stye. You may develop a small bump or lump on your eyelid, which can be painful or tender to touch. This is caused by the inflammation or infection of the meibomian glands or the surrounding tissue.

    What Are Available Meibomian Gland Dysfunction Treatment Options?

    At Eye Physicians, near me in New York City, your eye doctor may prescribe oral or topical antibiotics, such as doxycycline, azithromycin or erythromycin, to reduce inflammation and clear up any infection of the meibomian glands. They may also prescribe topical steroids, such as loteprednol or dexamethasone, to reduce swelling and redness of the eyelids.

    You could also have surgical procedures for severe MGD, which are more advanced and effective treatments. New treatment for meibomian gland dysfunction includes:

    • LipiFlow. This is a device that applies controlled heat and pressure to the eyelids to unblock and express the meibomian glands. It improves the quality and quantity of the meibum and reduces dry eye symptoms for up to 12 months.
    • Intense pulsed light (IPL). This is a device that emits pulses of light to the skin around the eyes to reduce inflammation and stimulate the meibomian glands. It’s also used to treat rosacea, a skin condition associated with MGD.
    • Meibomian gland probing. This is a procedure that involves inserting a tiny instrument into the openings of the meibomian glands to break up any scar tissue or blockages. It restores the normal function of the glands and improves the tear film stability.

    What Are the Consequences of Untreated MGD?

    There can be serious and long-term effects on your eye health and vision if you don’t access meibomian gland dysfunction treatment. And while MGD is the most common cause of dry eye syndrome, dry eye syndrome can cause chronic discomfort, reduced visual quality and increased sensitivity to environmental factors. The long-term consequences may include:

    • Pain, discharge, eye inflammation and scarring of the eye tissue
    • Corneal damage to the clear front surface of the eye that’s responsible for refracting light and focusing vision
    • Reduced quality of life, affecting your daily activities, such as reading, working, driving and using digital devices

    MGD can cause corneal erosion, ulceration, thinning, or perforation, which can lead to vision loss or blindness. MGD increases the risk of bacterial or fungal infections of the eye and eyelid with infections like conjunctivitis, keratitis and blepharitis. MGD can also affect your emotional and psychological well-being, causing frustration, anxiety or depression.

    Choose Eye Physicians for new treatment for meibomian gland dysfunction in Downtown Manhattan. The team finds the best solution for your MGD using the latest diagnosis and treatment options. They offer a range of treatment options to improve your eye health and comfort. Don’t let MGD disrupt your life. Contact Eye Physicians today to book your appointment.

    Page Updated on Jul 3, 2024 by Dr. William Hogue, OD (Optometrist) of Eye Physicians
    William Hogue, OD

    My name is Dr. William Hogue, and I am an optometrist dedicated to providing top-quality professional eye care. I'm trained in treating various ocular conditions, including dry eye syndrome, glaucoma, and retinal issues.

    I earned my chemistry degree summa cum laude from the University of Tennessee. Subsequently, I obtained my Doctorate of Optometry (OD) and Master of Science (MS) from the New England College of Optometry. Following graduation, I completed an ocular disease residency at the State University of New York’s College of Optometry. Beyond my clinical work, I have also been a supporter of Volunteer Optometric Services to Humanity (SVOSH).

    More about Dr. Hogue

    Eye Physicians
    110 Lafayette St, Suite 503
    New York, NY 10013
    (212) 292-4814

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